One of the oldest and deep rooted traditions in the Middle East is the Narghile, with both men and women finding great pleasure in smoking the waterpipe. The Narghile started a whole new culture which endured for many, many years and has now found popularity amongst today's cafe society. The original Nargile came from India, but it was rather primitive as it was made out of coconut shell. Its popularity spread to Iran and then to the rest of the Arab world.
The Nargile was so popular and fashionable with the elite ladies of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, that it became a must for popular afternoon tea and intellectual gatherings. Its popularity rose encouraging a form of social pleasure, smoking the Narghile with friends, family even strangers and discussing politics, social issues and less serious subjects. It has also been widely viewed as a means to encouraging tolerance and patience in a social context.
Excluding the grommets, a Narghile is usually made up of five components, four of which are essential for its operation. The bowl is a container, usually made out of clay or marble, that holds the coal and tobacco during the smoking session. The bowl is loaded with tobacco then covered in a small piece of perforated tin foil or a metal screen. Lit coals are then placed on top, which allows the tobacco to heat to the proper temperature.The gasket may have an additional opening with a valve for clearing the smoke from the water jar rather than through the hose. In some cases the gasket may contain openings for more than one hose.
The hose is a slender tube that allows the smoke to be drawn. The end is typically fitted with a metal, wooden, or plastic mouthpiece. The body of the Nargile is a hollow tube with a gasket at its bottom. The gasket itself has at least one opening for the hose. The gasket seals the connection of the body of the Nargile with the water jar.